improve lung cancer outcomes
Lung cancer is the second most common form of cancer in the United States and the leading cause of cancer deaths. The American Cancer Society estimates that approximately 8 percent of the more than 215,000 new cases this year will be diagnosed in Florida.
Lung cancer results when abnormal cell growth invades and destroys normal lung tissue. An accumulation of abnormal cells is called a tumor. As a tumor grows, it can impair lung function, resulting in breathing difficulty and decreased oxygen in the blood. The cancer can also spread to other organs and eventually cause death.
What are the symptoms of lung cancer?
Symptoms of lung cancer vary, but may include persistent cough, shortness of breath, wheezing, chest pain, and coughing up blood. Most lung cancers cause no symptoms until they are fairly large or advanced. Many patients will have lung nodules, or spots on the lung. Most are not cancer but in certain circumstances a biopsy should be done to determine what they are.
How is lung cancer diagnosed?
At Cleveland Clinic Florida, a highly specialized team of physicians collaborates to provide patients with coordinated diagnosis and treatment plans. The Interventional Pulmonology Program is one of the top interventional programs in the state of Florida, through which our multidisciplinary team offers a full spectrum of minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic services. One newer minimally invasive option for early diagnoses of lung cancer is called Electromagnetic Navigation Bronchoscopy™ (ENB), which allows physicians to more accurately identify a lesion deep in the lung, without surgery.
“The ENB procedure uses GPS-like technology to locate, biopsy and prepare to treat a lesion in the lung. We are able to offer patients a minimally-invasive option to locate, enable biopsy and plan treatment for a lesion (spot) detected deep in the lung,” explains pulmonologist Eduardo Oliveira, MD, who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment and management of lung cancer. “With a catheter-based system, the patient’s natural airways are used to access regions deep within the lung, enabling us to locate small lung lesions for diagnostic testing and potential treatment.”
This procedure is typically an outpatient procedure and minimizes the need for more invasive surgical procedures to access lung lesions in the distant regions of the lung. These invasive procedures may require an inpatient hospital stay or cause complications. This new technology also provides the ability to detect lung disease and lung cancer earlier, even before symptoms are evident, enhancing treatment options for patients.
What treatment options are available?
Surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy are used to treat lung cancer. Surgery involves removal of cancerous tissue, whereas radiation therapy involves destruction of cancer cells. In chemotherapy, a patient takes oral or intravenous drugs that target rapidly dividing or multiplying cancer cells throughout the body. Treating lung cancer can involve one or all of these interventions. If the cancer can be completely removed, surgery provides the best chance for cure. There a number of minimally invasive procedures available to remove the tumor through very small incisions.
Cleveland Clinic Florida’s accredited Cancer Institute is uniquely designed to offer comprehensive and compassionate cancer care, which often involves the cooperation of a variety of specialists, including oncologists, hematologists, radiologists, pulmonologists, surgeons, as well as other specialists.
To schedule a consultation, please call Global Patient Services at 1.954.659.5080, or visit clevelandclinic.org/flgps